But if you were poor you could have a rough and hard life, often ending up in the workhouse or early death. Often many families would crowd into a single room for simply some place to lay their head. Things were very different in case the of children born in poor families. BBC Teach. Victorian Durham: the homes of the poor. Keep in mind that families were large in Victorian times, especially poor families. Charles Dickens’ second book, Oliver Twist (1838) contained the classic Victorian themes of grinding poverty, menacing characters, injustice and punishment. Your quality of life during the Victorian times depended on whether you were rich or poor. The poor or lower class of the Victorian era had a very rough life. Victorian Era: The Poor Law Amendment of 1834 The Poor Law Amendment of 1834 was introduced to combat the widespread poverty on the streets of England and to provide relief to the poor. The poor children had to work public jobs for their families to survive. Living conditions for Victorian farm workers were often cramped and basic. More money means more food and better living conditions. If you were rich you could have a good and easy life. Conditions inside the Victorian prisons were deliberately made as harsh as possible for the inmates. For the poor Victorian Children life was much different. The difference between private life and commerce was a fluid one distinguished by an informal demarcation of function. Below is a table showing you some of the differences between rich and poor people: Being poor means having little money or few possessions. By 1900 there was near-universal literacy, a colossal achievement considering how appalling the situation of poor children had been in the 1830s. How can we find out what life was like during the Victorian times? Poor children often had to work instead of going to school. The houses would share toilets and water, which they could get from a pump or a well. The Victorians liked to have their social classes clearly defined. Industrialisation brought about rapid changes in everyday life that affected all classes and as a consequence Victorian society was full of extremes and startling contrasts. How Did Poor People Live During the Victorian Era? You either had the money or you didn’t, which in reality probably drove the middle class to extinction for a time throughout the Victorian era. This drove the prices down on the wages and most poor class families struggled to even put food on the table. The nineteenth century saw a huge growth in the population of Great Britain. The purpose of the prison system was to make time behind bars so utterly unpleasant that those who found themselves languishing behind the grim, grey walls of a penitentiary would, on their release, think twice before daring to re-offend. Word of the lesson: Comparison The main task is to create a spider diagram with findings from the sources about rich Victorians and then to compare this to what they have learned in all of the previous lessons about the poor during the Industrial Revolution. Many worked with their parents at home or in workshops, making matchboxes or sewing. If you don't have much money you can't buy many things. Skilled and unskilled workers alike were paid subsistence-level wages. The Victorian attitude toward the poor tended to be mixed. Image courtesy of www.eriding.net (Click image to enlarge.) Why not trying looking at another theme to find out more about Victorian life? You need money to buy things such as as food and clothes. Jerry White is professor in history at Birkbeck, University of London, specialising in working-class London life since 1700, and author of London in the Nineteenth Century (Jonathan Cape, 2007). You can use this PowerPoint to demonstrate to KS2 students the differences between the Victorian classes and how this impacted people’s lives. Middle and upper class Victorian Age families lived in large, comfortable houses. This was a sharp contrast to the overcrowded and unhealthy conditions of the working and poor classes of this time. Poor Victorians had a rough and hard life, often ending up in the workhouse or early death. which would make them the perfect housewives. The Victorian age was the first in which childhood was recognised as a distinct and precious phase in life. Therefore, the rich middle class was a very wealthy class. Check out the typical Victorian salaries. Others may wish to introduce pupils to these documents to create a wider enquiry question of their own, for example on the role of women, the lives of rich and poor or childhood in Victorian times. These were all live issues at the time Dickens was writing the novel, especially with the introduction of the1834 New Poor Law – an Act which, for many liberal Victorians, appeared to criminalise the poor. ate … A poor family preparing food. The working class was divided into three layers, the lowest being 'working men' or labourers, then the ‘intelligent artisan’, and above him the ‘educated working man’. There was a big difference between rich and poor in Victorian times. KS2 History - The Victorians. Has women’s place in society changed from Elizabethan and Victorian Eras. This article complemented a five-part BBC Two series The Victorian Slum, showing modern families living in simulated slums, which aired in autumn 2016. We know this: While London grew wealthy as Britain's imperial holdings expanded, London in the 19th century was also a city of incredible poverty. Poor Victorians had a rough and hard life, often ending up in the workhouse or early death. Wealthy Victorians enjoyed a good and easy life. Steam trains made travel a lot easier, and rich people started to go on holidays to the seaside in places like Blackpool and Brighton. By Staff Writer Last Updated Mar 26, 2020 12:49:48 PM ET Poverty stricken families living during the Victorian Era likely lived in crowded, unkempt, slum houses, or were homeless, endured poor sanitary conditions and often were forced to subject their children to work in harsh conditions. The poor or lower class of the Victorian era had a very rough life. Find out what Victorian home life was really like. Very poor people with no home or job lived in 'workhouses'. Wealthy Victorian Children had few luxuries. To be quite honest, by today’s standard, this would not be middle class, it would simply be upper class. Learning Objectives: To investigate the differences between the lives of Rich and Poor Victorians. Below is a table showing you some of the differences between rich and poor people: The Poor. The country was growing so rapidly that the number of jobs just could not justify it. For these, the Victorian era was one of abject poverty. Explain that the aim of the first session of teaching is to find out what life was like for the Victorian poor. Boys would be employed to scare the birds from the crops, guard the livestock from straying, pick hops, sow potatoes … Janet Sacks’ Victorian Country Life is a good reference for those who want to know more; other sources for this article are linked throughout the post. In the 1850s one in nine girls over the age of 10 worked as domestic se rvants for wealthy homes. Living conditions in the Victorian era Their lives The rich and the poor The careless rich The most famous slums were in east which was often referred to as "darkest London" They suffered from epidemics including Cholera, Typhus, Influenza, fever and Malaria Houses had no The Victorians, especially poor ones, were at high risk of catching some nasty diseases. The divide between the classes in the 19th century was such that food, clothes and even sanitation varied drastically. This quickly made them into the lower class citizens as there were very few jobs that they were capable of finding at this time. Poor Victorians would put children to work at an early a… There was the rich lady, who led the nostalgically stylized view of Victorian life – all bustles, petticoats and jewels, and conversely there was the somewhat less rosy existence of the poor woman; a life of chimney sweeping, workhouses, and prostitution. Rich Victorians lived a very privileged life, while poorer Victorians had to work hard jobs for little money. PART I: THE RICH. Poorer people often lived in crowded and difficult conditions. Rich Victorians lived a comfortable life The poor or lower class of the Victorian era had a very rough life. usually well fed, clean and well clothed. The Wealthy. Also read about ragged schools.. Also read about ragged schools.. Child labor was a terrible problem and it was no longer just the father that would bring home enough money for food. Learn all about the differences between the rich and poor during the reign of Queen Victoria with … The Poor Law Commission of 1832 decided to amend the previous poor laws, for they were too liberal and did not implement discipline into the poor. However, many people considered the rich to be middle class if they did not have anything to do with royalty. [1] Unlike their lower class counterparts, upper class Victorian women more often than not had staff to help with the running of their home and the raising of their children, leaving them with plenty of time to enjoy the finer things in life. People in the Victorian era started to use electricity for the first time, and to listen to music by playing records on the gramophone. The middle class, on the other hand, had a very successful time in the Victorian era. Victorian home life was comfortable for wealthy families. Having a job is important so you can earn money. For millions of Victorians, Victorian life had nothing to do with servants, etiquette or fashion. primaryhomeworkhelp.com, Woodlands Junior School, Hunt Road Tonbridge Kent TN10 4BB UK, Wealthy Victorians enjoyed a good and easy life. Most children from poor families had to work because their families needed the money. Most employment was to be found in the newly industrialized cities, so many people abandoned their rural roots and converged on the urbanized areas to seek work. BBC School Radio. The Industrial revolution had taken what many would consider to be medium class and left them without jobs. The Victorians. Life of poor Victorian children Boys born in a wealthy family were often sent to boarding for education or were tutored at home by eminent tutors while girls were trained in household activities like sewing, knitting etc. During this time, if the father got sick or died the family would often be kicked to the streets where they would live in some place like public housing. On the other hand their family life was tighter knit and more loving. A poor Victorian family would have lived in a very small house with only a couple of rooms on each floor. They were merely very wealthy business owners that maybe did not associate with royalty parties or occasions. Use the activity to assess their level of knowledge and understanding from any recent study of Victorian Britain. During the reign of Queen Victoria, life was very different depending on whether you were rich or poor. This quickly made them into the lower class citizens as there were very few jobs that they were capable of finding at this time. ©Copyright Mandy Barrow 2013 Find out about life for rich and poor children. Liza Picard examines the social and economic lives of the Victorian working classes and the poor. The more people in a family who work, the better chance of having more money. The problem with the Victorian era is that there were very few families that had relatively nice homes, enough to eat on, and a decently successful career. Some families had as many as eight to twelve children or more. On the one hand, more well-to-do Victorians were always encouraged to show charity to the needy. The Industrial revolution had taken what many would consider to be medium class and left them without jobs. Life in Victorian Britain was vastly different for rich and poor people. Toys were nothing more than homemade dolls or wooden blocks. Victorian houses of wealthy owners had features such as bay windows, stained glass in the windows and doorways, patterned brickwork and slate roofs. They had their own small vegetable garden and kept a pig to feed the family. Victorian England Rural Life. Therefore, the middle class not only would lose their jobs and have to find another, but they had to compete with immigrants for work. In the Victorian era, English family life increasingly became compartmentalised, the home a self-contained structure housing a nuclear family extended according to need and circumstance to include blood relations. This was often due to poor diet and malnutrition although the biggest killer remained dirty drinking water. While a rich family might live in a large Beautiful house with several bedrooms, a large living room, a parlor and a dining room separate from the kitchen, poor children might have as little as one room for the family to live in. Most of the common killers – measles, scarlet fever, smallpox and typhus – … In this post we will look at what rural life was like on a country estate in Victorian England. Even children worked hard on the farm from as young as six years old. How was Victorian poor and middle class Life? Primary Homework Help and "What questions do you want to ask about the life of the poor?" By the end of the century there were three … The reason for this increase is not altogether clear. The quality of life depended on whether you were rich or poor. Various ideas have been put forward; larger families; more children surviving infancy; people living longer; immigration, especially large numbers of immigrants coming from Ireland fleeing the potato famine and the unemployment situation in their own country. Victorian England was a … Find out about the life of a young Victorian girl living in a wealthy household with a governess. One of the major problems was the immigration of the country. Millions lived in overcrowded and dirty slums that's simply defy understanding today. These houses had ample space for the family, which averaged between four to six children, and the servants. The very poorest families had to make do with even less - some houses were home to two, three or even four families. Why did many children from poor families have to work? If the work was seasonal or demand slumped, when they were laid off they had no savings to live on until the next job opportunity could be found. Other times, children may be separated from parents and forced to work in harsh working conditions. Top 8 Victorian Era Poems That Must Be Read, Victorian era last name generator: Random last and first names. This type of housing was in the older parts of town where streets were dangerous and diseases were running rampant. The worst part for poor class families is that many needed their children to help work. 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