Long, folded leaves. Profit is a late maturity orchardgrass bred primarily for yield potential and compatibility with alfalfa for hay production. It prevents the flower head from emerging and prevents seed production on the infected tiller. Get Flash Player per acre in hay mixtures. A common use of orchardgrass is to seed it into alfalfa stands that have thinned. The foxtail seed head may droop over, which is a dead giveaway that it isn't timothy. The short, soft awns along the sides of the seed head give the appearance of a fox's tail. Research is being conducted to identify control methods (Oregon State, 2004). Orchard Grass A fast-growing light-green bunchgrass. Unfortunately, we cannot provide individual solutions to specific pest problems. It matures earlier than mid or late maturing varieties, has moderate winter hardiness, and regrows quickly. Other identifying characteristics. In addition to large areas of the U.S., orchardgrass is common throughout Europe, northern Asia, and the higher elevations of Africa. Hallmark is widely used for pasture, hay and silage in the cool climate growing areas. Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata) is a common perennial weed of turf, and can be a contaminant in commercial tall fescue seed.The leaves are a characteristic blue-green color, and the seedhead is easy to distinguish from other grasses. Contact UC IPM, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California, © 2016 Regents of the University of California Orchardgrass can grow up to five feet tall and prefers well-drained soils and is more tolerant of shade than other pasture grasses. Orchardgrass is a cool season grass that is valuable on light textured soils due to its outstanding drought-tolerance and is also well adapted to other soils and environmental conditions. Also, apply 40 to 60 lb N/acre mid-August for fall pasture. per acre in hay or pasture mixtures. Leaves are V-shaped and folded in the bud. Get PDF Reader Orchardgrass is perennial, cool season, forage bunch grass. Excellent summer regrowth potential. It is often used in pasture production because it is highly palatable to all classes of livestock. It starts growth early in spring, develops rapidly and flowers during May. Orchardgrass is best established on a prepared seedbed, though no-till establishment into an alfalfa … Growing points stay below ground level after the second cutting. Glabrous blades. The species is rather slow to establish but persistency is good under hay, silage, and proper grazing management. The inflorescence is a dense, spike-like panicle and looks like timothy. It blooms and matures seed on average of 10-14 days later than commercial varieties. Orchardgrass is a very persistent grass and reproduces by seeds and tiller formation with the ability to head out quickly and fill in a field very well over time. Sterile seed-heads may be 38 to 50 cm (15 to 20 in) up the stems when sprouts appear at the time of second cutting. The subsequent growth during the remainder of the summer consists essentially of leaf material that is soft and palatable to livestock. This makes Quick Draw much more palatable and drought tolerant. Bred primarily for rapid regrowth Crown Royale is an ideal choice for rotational grazing or hay production. Orchardgrass is also a great companion crop with a legume, such as red clover or alfalfa. Orchardgrass can be a big problem in tall fescue lawns of residential areas established on existing pasture. Fertilization: 40-60 lb N/acre after first grazing or harvest in spring; follow with another 40 lb N/acre after second grazing if conditions permit. With careful management, orchardgrass can perform a host of functions while adding nutrients and tilth to soil. It reproduces from seed and forms tufted shoots held together by short rhizomes. Quick Draw HSG orchardgrass was selected for its quick regrowth, superior yields, disease resistance and palatability. Reproduces by seed. Orchardgrass is also used to stabilize soils in sites disturbed by logging, burns, and mining. Leave some of the plants to form mature seed heads and allow it to reseed for consistent supply of the plants. With maturity, it becomes open and branched. Persist is an early maturity, persistent pasture orchardgrass. After it starts growing in the spring, orchardgrass tends to head very quickly. Second and third leaves have fringed or torn ligules at the base of the leaf, but lack auricles. Orchardgrass is more tolerant of shade, drought, and heat than timothy, perennial ryegrass or Kentucky bluegrass but also grows well in full sunlight. Figure 4: Orchardgrass collar Life cycle and growth habit. Glabrous blades. Orchardgrass is perennial, cool season, forage bunch grass. Rachilla The point of attachment of a seed to the seed head or to another seed. If the grass is to be grazed, grazing can start in early spring until summer but late season grazing should be discouraged. Pasture, woodland, orchards, crop fields, turf, roadsides and other disturbed locations. Orchardgrass Seed - Orchardgrass is a bunch-type, tall-growing, cool-season perennial grass. “The most significant and important attribute of Persist is persistence. Perennial bunch grass. This Orchardgrass seed can be mixed with clover for hay … Phosphorus and potassium to soil test. It has no stolons and only rarely has short rhizomes. It is often used i Later cuttings can be made at 4-6 week intervals depending on conditions. Extra leafy genetic trait provides highly palatable forage. Grazing. A medium to late maturity orchardgrass with excellent cold tolerance. An improved late maturity orchardgrass selected for increased yields and cold tolerance. Orchardgrass produces an extensive fibrous root system. In addition, there is a prominent midvein on the underside of the leaves, and the ligule is membranous. HLR is … The sheath is split part way and is green on the top and pale green or white on the lower part. Prolific, tillering grass. Orchardgrass is one of the most productive cool-season grasses, tolerant to shade, fairly drought resistant with moderate winter hardiness. It's not a ground cover grass, as it has a shallow root system and only grows to about 6 inches high. Most varieties have good winter-hardiness, although few varieties have superior winter-hardiness. Tekapo is unique among orchardgrasses, in that it has a low crown and dense, prostrate growth habit adapting it to close grazing. Leave some of the plants to form mature seed heads and allow it to reseed for consistent supply of the plants. Panicle seed head. Barenbrug breeders are continuously selecting for disease tolerance and HLR Orchardgrass is tolerant to rust and other leaf diseases. It is our best broad-spectrum variety and … It’s long soft leaves make it highly palatable and digestible with the unmatched orchardgrass feed value. Seedlings are light green with broad leaf blades. Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) is a bunch-type, tall-growing, cool-season perennial grass. This is a late maturing, hay-type orchardgrass. Next, check for the awns, which look like hairs coming off each tiny seed on the head. However, there are several different varieties of foxtail, and some seed heads remain upright. Orchardgrass is a restricted noxious weed for lawn/ turf seed in the states of Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia and West Virginia (USDA-AMS, 2010). longevity. Seeds are very small, narrow, pointed about 1/3 inch long with 95,000 to 1,300,000 seeds… Other identifying characteristics. Provides versatility for either grazing or hay production. per acre in pasture mixtures. SheathThe part of the leaf that wraps around the main stem. Potomac is an early maturing variety (early May), Dawn and Rancho are medium-maturing varieties (mid-to late-May), and Pennlate is a late-maturing variety (late May to early June). long with clustered spikelets. Hallmark orchard grass is considered a very leafy, early to medium variety with excellent hardiness and persistence. Orchardgrass is valuable on light textured soils due to its outstanding drought-tolerance. The ligule is membranous and has a rounded tip that is usually toothed or fringed. When seeding an orchardgrass-legume mixture, the two should mature at about the same time. Introduced from Europe, orchardgrass is a cool-season perennial bunchgrass. It’s used for pasture and hay, and produces high-quality palatable feed for all types of livestock. It starts growth early in spring, develops rapidly and flowers during May. With careful management, orchardgrass can perform a host of functions while adding nutrients and tilth to soil. This will enable harvesting of both species at proper developmental stages and improve the potential of harvesting top quality fora… Nondiscrimination Statement, Accessibility Auricles absent. Sparta is a medium tall growing, late maturity (a week later than Pennlate) orchardgrass. NodeThe place on the stem where a leaf attaches. Establishment: Orchardgarss is recommended for the northern part of … per acre in hay or pasture mixtures. The leaves are a characteristic blue-green color, and the seedhead is easy to distinguish from other grasses. Orchardgrass is commonly found thriving in shady areas, such as orchards and forest borders, which is where its name likely originated. Orchardgrass is best established on a prepared seedbed, though no-till establishment into an alfalfa … The branched flowering head is 4 to 6 inches (10–15 cm) long with upper branches that are more erect and lower branches that are ascending to spreading. Perennial bunch grass. Each spikelet produces 3 to 4 small cross-pollinated flowers. The ligule is a coarse membrane that is slightly hairy and striated. Most varieties have good winter-hardiness, although few varieties have superior winter-hardiness. Several varieties of orchardgrass have been tested and were high-yielding in Pennsylvania variety trials. Seed heads are up to 20 cm (8 in.) The blade is 5-12 mm wide and 8-40 cm long. Flowers cluster in dense groups of two to four, mostly on one side of the branch and on lower branches, nearest to the branch tip. Seed: 20 lbs. This grass has a panicle-type seed head that is 4-10 inches long and cannot be mistaken for other grasses. Orchardgrass, also called cock's foot, is a perennial bunch grass found throughout California to about 8200 feet (2500 m), except for deserts. Hallmark orchard grass is considered a very leafy, early to medium variety with excellent hardiness and persistence.~~~ Hallmark is widely used for pasture, hay and silage in the cool climate growing areas. Orchardgrass is more tolerant of shade, drought, and heat than timothy, perennial ryegrass or Kentucky bluegrass but also grows well in full sunlight. It is extremely heat and drought tolerant, yet withstands cold winters. Rotational grazing is preferred for best production, persistence and quality. Compatible with both three and four cut alfalfas. Pasture Mixes. Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources If the grass is to be grazed, grazing can start in early spring until summer but late season grazing should be discouraged. Pests and Potential Problems Orchardgrass is also a great companion crop with a legume, such as red clover or alfalfa. After four years of the grazing experiment, in which there was additional grazing and drought stress during the last 2 years, there was a 70 to 80% stand of Persist compared to a 0 to 10% stand of (another well-known orchardgrass)” - Dr. Bob Conger & Dr. John Waller, Graze or cut to heights of 10 cm (4 in) or more. Orchardgrass is shade tolerant and resistant to occasional drought conditions. Identifying characteristics. Seed: 20 lbs. Orchardgrass, which is native to Europe and North Africa, only produces a seedhead during its initial spring growth cycle. However, there are several different varieties of foxtail, and some seed heads remain upright. It will not “head-out” before alfalfa is ready to cut because of it’s later maturity date. The lowermost branch separates like the spur on a cock's foot, hence one of its common names “cock’s foot”. First cutting in Spring should be done before head emergence (Boot Stage). Membranous ligule (long and pointed). Its broader spreading and more crown growth habit gives Harvestar the ability to handle close grazing. A variety of wildlife consumes orchardgrass leaves and seeds. The seed head is dense and spike-like in appearance when it first emerges. Flower Seed Head. per acre alone or 5 lbs. The intermediate to late heading varieties in HLR are ideal for planting with alfalfa. It is often used i Orchardgrass is a very persistent grass and reproduces by seeds and tiller formation with the ability to head out quickly and fill in a field very well over time. It is cultivated for cover cropping and livestock forage. Seeds are small but light, awned and chaffy. Long, folded leaves. It inhabits agricultural land and other disturbed places. New diseases keep appearing in orchard grass stands. LiguleA membrane or series of hairs on the inner side of the grass leaf where the blade joins the sheath. If your grass seed head looks like a grain head with little fuzzies on it, it could be the common bluegrass. Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) is a perennial, cool-season, tall-growing, bunch-type grass with a deep taproot. Orchardgrass does not exhibit as much tolerance to drought or winter hardiness as tall fescue and bromegrass. Seeds … Orchardgrass seed viability declines rapidly in storage. It is cultivated for cover cropping and livestock forage. It inhabits agricultural land and other disturbed places. Seed head is an open panicle. Ryegrass For Lawn & Turf ; Ryegrass For Pasture; Sudan & Sorghum-Sudan Grass; Sunn Hemp; Teff Grass; Timothy; Triticale; Vetch Seed; Wheat Seed Superior rust resistance provides high quality hay. Demonstrated winter hardiness and disease resistance provide persistent long lasting stands. Orchardgrass, also called cock's foot, is a perennial bunch grass found throughout California to about 8200 feet (2500 m), except for deserts. Identifying characteristics. Auricles absent. Maturity range makes it compatible with rapid recovery alfalfa varieties. It has shown higher levels of water soluble carbohydrates than other orchardgrasses. Crown Royale Orchardgrass. Orchardgrass is valuable on light textured soils due to its outstanding drought-tolerance. It is well-adapted to the Midwest, Northwest and Northeast. per acre alone or 5 lbs. There are no auricles. It matures earlier than mid or late maturing varieties, has moderate winter hardiness, and regrows quickly. With maturity, it becomes open and branched. Northern climate winter hardiness and resistance to stem rust. A medium to late maturity orchardgrass with excellent cold tolerance. They have a bluish white tone. Flowers bloom from May through August. Mature plants grow up to 5 feet (1.5 m) tall. Pasture Mixes for Horses; Single Species Pasture Seeds; Peas; Pollinator Seeds and Mixes; Rye Grain (Cereal Rye) Ryegrass Seed. Good rust resistance. After it starts growing in the spring, orchardgrass tends to head very quickly. per acre alone or 5 lbs. For noncommercial purposes only, any Web site may link directly to this page. The species is rather slow to establish but persistency is good under hay, silage, and proper grazing management. The leaf blade has a little crinkle in the middle. Stems are flattened and are either erect or bend abruptly at the base. Extend Orchardgrass exhibits excellent regrowth and is a good choice for spring and summer cutting, then fall grazing. Orchardgrass is a cool season grass that is valuable on light textured soils due to its outstanding drought-tolerance and is also well adapted to other soils and environmental conditions. Orchardgrass is a long lived, cool-season perennial bunchgrass that grows from 2-4 feet tall. A common use of orchardgrass is to seed it into alfalfa stands that have thinned. The seed head is dense and spike-like in appearance when it first emerges. Figure 4: Orchardgrass collar Life cycle and growth habit. It has escaped cultivation and has become a weed in certain settings. Seed: 20 lbs. It matures earlier than mid or late maturing varieties, has moderate winter hardiness, and regrows quickly. Close grazing and improved digestibility, when combined with red and white clovers. Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) is a perennial, cool-season, tall-growing, bunch-type grass with a deep taproot. Rotational grazing is best for production, persistence and quality. Seed: 20 lbs. The foxtail seed head may droop over, which is a dead giveaway that it isn't timothy. Under irrigation and higher rainfall areas, orchardgrass should be cut at boot stage for the first cutting and then at 4-6 week intervals depending on regrowth. Staff-only pages . It is one of the most productive cool-season grasses, tolerant to shade, fairly drought resistant with moderate winter hardiness. Panicle seed head. per acre alone or 5 lbs. Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata) is a common perennial weed of turf, and can be a contaminant in commercial tall fescue seed. Seed head: Stiff, mostly compact panicle with lower branches longer than those at top. It does not spread vegetatively. FOR ALL OTHER USES or more information, read Legal Notices. Orchardgrass does not exhibit as much tolerance to drought or winter hardiness as tall fescue and bromegrass. Seeds are very small, narrow, pointed about 1/3 inch long with 95,000 to 1,300,000 seeds/kg. Acknowledgements A medium/late maturity, it’s the leading choice for intensive grazing pastures. Membranous ligule (long and pointed). In addition, orchard grass seed are grown for commercial forage production and often are found as a contaminate in turf-type tall fescue seed due to similar size and shape. Most seed germinate in the fall after maturation. Contact Webmaster, © 2016 Regents of the University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Prolific, tillering grass. It is shade tolerant and resistant to occasional drought conditions. See our Home page, or in the U.S., contact your local Cooperative Extension office for assistance. This Orchardgrass seed can be mixed with clover for hay production as well as increased forage yield. Next, check for the awns, which look like hairs coming off each tiny seed on the head. Description. The plant tends to have a darker blue hue than other grasses. Description. Bred primarily for rapid regrowth Crown Royale is an ideal choice for rotational grazing or hay production. Cut boot to early head for first cut, then every 4-6 weeks thereafter. Early Forage Orchardgrass is perennial, cool season, forage bunch grass. In addition, there is a prominent midvein on the underside of the leaves, and the ligule is membranous. Environmental Concerns Orchardgrass has been grown in North America since the 1750’s. It is shade tolerant and resistant to occasional drought conditions. 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