n. 1. That sense of what made a birth illegitimate, what made a child a ‘bastard’, matches the definition of nothus often found in early medieval sources. Legitimacy issues have arisen when a child is conceived by Artificial Insemination. 2002. In the past the word bastard was the standard term in both legal and nonlegal use for ‘an illegitimate child’. Public policy in favor of maintaining solid family relationships contributed significantly to the preference for a legitimate child. [1] Wenn die Bestätigung des Vaters fehlte oder dieser nicht adlig war, nannte man ein uneheliches Kind Bankert[2] oder Kegel. The term is not, however, applied to any illegitimate offspring, born out of wedlock, but is restricted by the rabbins to the issue of any connection within the degrees prohibited by the law 2001. Civ. The key issue was whether the consent of an unwed biological father had to be obtained before an Adoption could be finalized. The harsher aspects of the common law dealing with an illegitimate child have been eliminated, primarily through the application of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. The evidence needed to establish paternity includes the testimony of the mother, blood and DNA tests, and in some states photographs from which to determine similar facial characteristics of the alleged father and the child. By the early 2000s, according to statistics compiled by the Center for Health Statistics at the U.S. Health and Human Services Department, births to unmarried mothers accounted for nearly one-third of all U.S. births. Bezeichnung für die Nachkommen von zwei rasseverschiedenen Individuen, also: Rassemischling. 2d 31 (1977), Claud Johnson could not have made his claim. 2d 31 (1977), the Supreme Court ruled such provisions in an Illinois statute invalid. This theory includes children born of marriages that fail owing to legal technicalities as well as children of void or Voidable marriages. See ILLEGITIMACY. At common law an illegitimate child was a fillius nullius (child of no one) and had no parental inheritance rights. A "natural" child; a child begotten and born out of wedlock; an illegitimate child; one born of an illicit union. 3. informal something extremely difficult or unpleasant: that job is a real bastard. • Bastard (surname), including a list of people with that name This assumption, as embodied in a New York statute (N.Y. There was a common-law presumption that a child born of a married woman was legitimate. A bastard is a person whose parents were not married to each other at the time that he or she was born. Looking for definition of Bastard? In such states children born of such arrangements are considered legitimate. n. 1. In Trimble v. Gordon, 430 U.S. 762, 97 S. Ct. 1459, 52 L. Ed. Other courts declare that a child is legitimate if the husband consented. In addition, a rising level of out-of-wedlock births in the United States has drawn the attention of politicians and policy makers. Bastard definition is - an illegitimate child. If so, he is entitled to Robert Johnson's estate. Modern law has given the nonmarital child more rights but still differentiates between the marital and nonmarital status. 2. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Hinzu kommt, dass außereheliche Verbindungen insbesondere von der katholischen Kirche als sündig bewertet wurden (siehe Ehebruch im Christentum). Upon her death in 1983, her half-sister Annye Anderson inherited her purported rights to Johnson's work. [4] Die weitere Wortherkunft ist nicht geklärt. There is no Hebrew word of like meaning. The rate of illegitimate births in the United States has risen sharply since the early 1970s. Weitere Bedeutungen sind unter, „... dem Ort der Zeugung der Unehelichen in den Kreisen der Maultiertreiber. The supreme court sent the case back to the county court, which is to determine whether Claud Johnson is the son of Robert Johnson. A clown bastard child is a child who was possibly switched out at birth by entities unknown (clown bastard aliens)...possibly as a joke on the unsuspecting parents. Sie waren vom adligen Vater aber rechtlich anerkannt und berechtigt, dessen Wappenbild zu führen, eigentlich jedoch nur unter Beifügung eines Bastardfadens oder eines entsprechenden, die Unehelichkeit anzeigenden Beizeichens wie etwa den „Einbruch“[6] (Bastardwappen).[7]. Das Schimpfwort Bastard wurde in jüngerer Vergangenheit im Deutschen nur noch selten verwendet, hat aber in der letzten Dekade eine Renaissance erfahren. Real Property, Probate and Trust Journal 32 (winter): 539–70. A majority of states prescribe that an acknowledgment must be coupled with an act in order for the child to be declared legitimate. BASTARD. Roberts, Patricia G. 1998. A child is most likely considered illegitimate when the mother was unmarried and was artificially inseminated by an unknown donor, and remains unmarried. 2d 297 (1979). bastard child. Der Ausdruck Bastard wurde später auch als Schimpfwort benutzt. Claud Johnson produced a Mississippi birth certificate from 1931 that lists R. L. Johnson as his father. https://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Bastard+child, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content. [5] Die Bezeichnung betraf vor allem Söhne, die mit Frauen niederen Standes gezeugt wurden, mit denen der adelige Vater in der Regel nicht verheiratet war. Bastard steht für: . Bastard definition, a person born of unmarried parents; an illegitimate child. In Levy v. Louisiana, 391 U.S. 68, 88 S. Ct. 1509, 20 L. Ed. The definition of a bastard is someone whose parents did not marry, or is something that has been changed or is not normal, or is slang for someone who people do not like. Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. 3 Informal something extremely difficult or unpleasant that job is a real bastard 4 Old-fashioned or offensive a person born of unmarried parents; an illegitimate baby, child, or adult 5 something irregular, abnormal, or inferior Bastard, uneheliches Kind (heute abwertend); ein Lebewesen, das aus zwei verschiedenen Zuchtlinien, Rassen oder Arten hervorgegangen ist, siehe Hybride; alles Gebündelte, Gekreuzte oder Vermischte (abwertend), siehe hybrid; eine Sorte Bernstein, siehe Bernstein #Bernsteinvarietäten; eine ehemalige deutsche Heavy-Metal- und Hard-Rock-Band, siehe Bastard (Band) The term nonmarital child is also used inter-changeably with illegitimate child. Both wives died before he did and left no children. Whether a father acknowledges paternity or is adjudged to be the father in a paternity action, he has more custody rights today than at common law. The quality or condition of being illegitimate. Learn more in the Cambridge English-Arabic Dictionary. ...“, Taschenbuch für Kriminalisten 1952 S. 142, Verlag Deutsche Polizei GmbH, Hamburg, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bastard&oldid=189956113, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. Frontier society accepted the economic necessity for permitting such marriages because it was difficult for people on the frontier to obtain a formal marriage license; without common-law marriages, many children would have been declared illegitimate. Define Bastard child. dated, offensive (person: unmarried parents) (ofensivo) bastardo nm nombre masculino: Sustantivo de género exclusivamente masculino, que lleva los artículos el o un en singular, y los o unos en plural. In 1974 Johnson's half-sister, Carrie Thompson, sold the copyrights of his songs and photographs, asserting that she was entitled to his estate. Bastard explanation. Bastard ist eine alte Bezeichnung für ein uneheliches Kind, ursprünglich ein fester Terminus des Feudalwesens zur Bezeichnung für das von einem Adligen in außerehelicher Verbindung gezeugte, aber von ihm rechtlich anerkannte Kind. When Anderson finally probated Johnson's estate in 1991, Claud L. Johnson filed a claim stating that he was the illegitimate son of Johnson and the sole heir of the bluesman. Illegitimate definition, born of parents who are not married to each other; born out of wedlock: an illegitimate child. Das Wort wurde später allgemein auf Menschen angewendet, die als minderwertig empfunden wurden, und entsprechend auch als Schimpfwort verwendet. A child was considered to be illegitimate at common law if the parents were not married to each other at the time of the child's birth even though the parents were married later. Minshew, Co. Lit. Today, however, it has little importance as a legal term and is … "Births Outside of Marriage: Perceptions vs. From Middle French bâtard, from Old French bastard (“child of a nobleman by a woman other than his wife”), from Medieval Latin bastardus (“illegitimate child”), from Proto-Germanic *banstuz, *bunstuz (“a bond”), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰendʰ- (“to tie, bind”) + -ard. Diese Prinzipien haben bis heute Gültigkeit in Familien, die auf ihre Abstammung von Herrscherfamilien Wert legen, und wurden schon oft als Motiv für Erzählungen und Filme verwendet, etwa in Der kleine Lord. A child was considered to be illegitimate at common law if the parents were not married to each other at the time of the child's birth even though the parents were married later.There was a common-law presumption that a child born of a married woman was legitimate. A child born to a married couple is presumed to be their legitimate offspring in the absence of a clear demonstration that the husband could not possibly be the father. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Child Custody; Child Support; DNA Evidence; Family Law; Parent and Child. bastard (n.) "illegitimate child," early 13c., from Old French bastard "acknowledged child of a nobleman by a woman other than his wife" (11c., Modern French bâtard), probably from fils de bast "packsaddle son," meaning a child conceived on an improvised bed (saddles often doubled as beds while traveling), with pejorative ending -art (see -ard). How to use bastard in a sentence. An illegitimate child ; a child born of unwed parents. Dupin. Wenn jedoch die Gemahlin eines Adligen unfruchtbar war oder alle seine Nachkommen vorzeitig verstarben, konnte ein Bastard die Erbfolge antreten, so wie ein Adliger auch andere nahe Verwandte als seinen Erben einsetzen konnte. [5] Die Verwendung als Schimpfwort geht darauf zurück, dass Bastarde aus Sicht Adeliger „unreinen Blutes“ waren, also minderwertiger als echte Adelige. The mamzer, rendered "bastard" in the A. V., is something worse than an illegitimate child. 436 (1968), the Supreme Court ruled that a state statute (La. [1] Wenn die Bestätigung des Vaters fehlte oder dieser nicht adlig war, nannte man ein uneheliches Kind Bankert[2] oder Kegel. ein Individuum, das aus der Vereinigung genetisch unterschiedlicher Geschlechtszellen hervorgegangen ist. Some states adhere to traditional views and consider any child conceived in this manner to be illegitimate, regardless of whether the husband gave his consent to the procedure. A word derived from bas or bast, signifying abject, low, base; and aerd, nature. This civil action is intended not to legitimate the child but to obtain support for the child and often to obtain the payment of bills incident to the pregnancy. Domestic Relations Law § 111), was challenged in Caban v. Mohammed, 441 U.S. 380, 99 S. Ct. 1760, 60 L. Ed. If the mother is on Welfare, a paternity action is a vehicle for the local government agency to obtain financial assistance from the father. Term used for video game sequels that are completely unrelated to the first one. Whereas most states had given legitimate and illegitimate children the same right to inherit property from the mother and her family, a number of states did not allow an illegitimate child to inherit property from the father in the absence of a specific provision in the father's will. 2315) that barred illegitimate children from recovering damages for the Wrongful Death of their mother, but allowed legitimate children to recover in similar circumstances, was invalid because it denied illegitimate children Equal Protection of the law. Once a child has been determined to be legitimate, he or she is entitled to the same rights and protections as any individual whose legitimacy has never been questioned. An adequate act in some states is the marriage of the child's natural parents. obsolete legal term for an illegitimate child born out of wedlock. English Common Law placed harsh penalties on an illegitimate child, denying the child inheritance and property rights. See more. Der Begriff hat in den vergangenen Jahrhunderten einen stark negativ geprägten Trend durchlaufen. [3], Das Wort Bastard geht über mittelhochdeutsch bast(h)art zurück auf altfranzösisch bastard, abgeleitet vom lateinischen bastum (Packsattel). Ordinarily, the mother starts the civil lawsuit, but some states allow public authorities to bring a paternity action for the mother if she refuses to do so. Eclipsed native terms Latin spurius and nothus. A paternity suit, or affiliation proceeding, may be brought against a father by an unmarried mother. At common law fathers were assumed to have little concern for the well-being of their illegitimate offspring. Some infamous examples include Super Mario Bros 2, Zelda 2: The … not in wedlock) or who are not married at the time of the child’s birth. Some states still recognize the validity of Common-Law Marriage, which takes place when a man and woman cohabit for an extensive period, and hold themselves out to the public as being Husband and Wife even though they were never formally married. Robert L. Johnson is an important figure in blues music. Common-law marriages were a convenient mechanism in the nineteenth century for establishing property rights and legitimating children. Legitimation is the process whereby the status of a child is changed from illegitimate to legitimate. "Adopted and Nonmarital Children—Exploring the 1990 Uniform Probate Code's Intestacy and Class Gift Provisions." Word: Bastard. Bastard ist eine alte Bezeichnung für ein uneheliches Kind, ursprünglich ein fester Terminus des Feudalwesens zur Bezeichnung für das von einem Adligen in außerehelicher Verbindung gezeugte, aber von ihm rechtlich anerkannte Kind. Reality." Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 29. By: Marcus Jastrow, Lewis N. Dembitz. This process involves impregnating a woman, without sexual intercourse, with the semen of a donor who might be her husband or another party. Cognate with Old Frisian bōst (“marriage”), Middle Dutch basture (“whore, prostitute”) (from bast + hure). In most cases of artificial insemination, the father has donated semen anonymously, and his identity is not known. Child Trends Research Brief (April). Johnson married twice. Offensive The condition of being born to parents not married to each other. Furthermore, if a man married a second time while still legally married to his first wife, a child born of the bigamous marriage was illegitimate. Another word for nullius filius. In the 1940s fewer than five percent of the total births were out of wedlock. Though he recorded only twenty-nine songs before his death in 1938, at age twenty-seven, Johnson's songs, voice, and guitar playing have influenced many great musicians, including Muddy Waters, Keith Richards, and Eric Clapton. Sigle-Rushton, Wendy, and Sara McLanahan. Find more ways to say nullius filius, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. A bastard is a person whose parents were not married to each other at the time that he or she was born. Related Terms: Born Out of Wedlock, Child of the Marriage, Ex-nuptial Child, Illegitimate Child, Legitimate Child A majority of states now subscribe to the theory that a child born of any union that has the characteristics of a formal marriage relationship is entitled to legitimate status. Bastard child synonyms, Bastard child pronunciation, Bastard child translation, English dictionary definition of Bastard child. In addition, a child born of a marriage for which an Annulment was granted was considered illegitimate, since an annulled marriage is void retroactively from its beginning. Define Bastard by Webster's Dictionary, WordNet Lexical Database, Dictionary of Computing, Legal Dictionary, Medical Dictionary, Dream Dictionary. bastard: A person born to parents not married to each other. But for the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling in Trimble v. Gordon, 430 U.S. 762, 97 S. Ct. 1459, 52 L. Ed. ‘After all, it would be disastrous if the people ever found out that she had a bastard child born out of wedlock.’ ‘Albert plays Jack, a man who must face up to the fact that he is the bastard child of a rock star.’ ‘The closest thing to nobility found in our ranks is the bastard son of a petty knight (the captain).’ In some states an oral admission is sufficient, but in other states a written statement is required. Vielmehr wurde sie von den Vätern und auch von den betreffenden Personen, die stolz auf ihre adelige Abstammung väterlicherseits waren, selbst benutzt.[8][9]. 4. old-fashioned or offensive a person born of unmarried parents; an illegitimate baby, child, or adult 5. something irregular, abnormal, or inferior 6. Anderson argued that Claud Johnson's claim should be dismissed because he had waited too long to file it. Demography (August). This presumption was rebuttable, however, upon proof that her husband either was physically incapable of impregnating her or was absent at the time of conception. Some statutes provide that a child becomes legitimated upon an open Acknowledgment of Paternity by the alleged father. The Supreme Court ruled that a law depriving all unwed fathers of the right to decide against adoption, whether or not they actually took care of the children in question, was unconstitutional and a form of Sex Discrimination. Je nachdem ob sich die väterlichen und mütterlichen Geschlechtszellen in einer, zwei oder vielen Eigenschaften unterscheiden, ist der Bastard mono-, di-oder polyhybrid.Rassenbastarde weisen häufig gegenüber den Eltern eine größere Körperhöhe und Vitalität auf (Luxurieren). This presumption was rebuttable, however, upon proof that her husband either was physically incapable of impregnating her or was absent at the time of conception. The Supreme Court also enhanced the right of an illegitimate child to inherit property. 2. The legal rights and duties of a person born of married parents could be ascertained more accurately than those of a child with an unknown or disputed father. Bastard. a person born to parents who are not married to each other: He was born in 1798, the bastard son of a country squire and his mistress. Juni 2019 um 06:33 Uhr bearbeitet. B a stard m [von altfranzösisch bastart = nichtlegitimer Sohn], Hybride, Nachkomme von Eltern mit erblich verschiedenen Merkmalen. Stewart, 2006. bastard. Art. This presumption can be rebutted only if it can be clearly established that the child in question is illegitimate. Historically, in most jurisdictions, if a child was illegitimate, the child could be adopted with only the consent of his or her natural mother. Exemplos: el televisor, un piso. Bas´tard. Bastarde behielten im Abendland normalerweise den Stand ihrer Mutter und hatten nicht die Privilegien der ehelichen Kinder. The presumption of legitimacy is a strong legal presumption because public policy favors legitimacy to preserve stable family groupings. A paternity action must start within the time prescribed by the Statute of Limitations,or the mother's right to establish the putative father's paternity and corresponding support obligation will be lost. The Mississippi bluesman's recordings became a commercial success in the late 1960s, and by 1990 his collected works were released on compact discs. Der Ausdruck Bastard wurde später auch als Schimpfwort benutzt. Noch in der Frühen Neuzeit wurde die Bezeichnung keineswegs als ehrenrührig oder anstößig empfunden. bastard child n noun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. bastard translate: ابن غَير شَرعي (تقال للأشخاص الذين لا نحبهم). Among those who were excluded from entering the congregation, even to the tenth generation, was the bastard. In der Biologie und im Zuchtwesen ist Bastard eine veraltete Bezeichnung für eine Hybride. BASTARD: Tweet. This deprivation was based in part on societal and religious beliefs concerning the sanctity of the marital relation-ship, as well as the legal principles that property rights were determined by blood relationships. The condition before the law, or the social status, of a child whose parents were not married to each other at the time of his or her birth. Der Titel dieses Artikels ist mehrdeutig. Until Trimble Mississippi prohibited illegitimate children from inheriting from their father. In the English use of the word, a child neither born nor begotten in lawful wedlock; an illegitimate child. A county court agreed with Anderson, but the Mississippi Supreme Court reversed the lower court's decision, ruling that the intent of state law was to give the same rights to illegitimate as to legitimate children (In re Estate of Johnson, 1996 WL 138615 [Miss.]). 244; a. Enfant de bas, a child of low birth. Terry-Humen, Elizabeth, Jennifer Manlove, and Kristen A. Moore. Find more ways to say bastard child, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. See more. "The Living Arrangements of New Unmarried Mothers." Bastard Definition: An illegitimate child, born in a relationship between two persons that are not married (ie. An example of a bastard is … bastard - 1. Code Ann. Another word for bastard child. 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